BETHANY


BETHANY
BETHANY (Heb. Bet Aniyya, Bet Hananyah), a village about 1¾ mi. (3 km.) E. of Jerusalem, frequently mentioned in the Gospels (Mark 11:1; 14:3; Matt. 21:17; Luke 19:29; etc.). According to Christian tradition, it was the home of the sisters Mary and Martha, with whom Jesus lodged, and the scene of the resurrection of their brother Lazarus after he had been interred for four days (John 11). At the end of the fourth century, the Byzantines built a church and adjoining monastery at Bethany which was renovated in the following century. It was named after Lazarus, and from this comes the Arabic name of the village, al-ʿAzariyya. During the Crusader period, the church was regarded as the property of the Church of the Holy Sepulcher, and it underwent extensive alterations. It was destroyed in the 16th century and a Greek monastery stands in its place. The ancient site of the church was apparently near the present Catholic monastery Raʾs al-Shayyāḥ. Remains of ancient buildings and tombs dating from the period of the Second Temple and later have been uncovered there. A cistern from the Second Temple period, which served as a shrine in Byzantine times, has Christian-Greek graffiti on its plastered walls. It was discovered in 1949–53 together with oil presses, cisterns, and numerous tombs of later periods. -BIBLIOGRAPHY: G. Dalman, Sacred Sites and Ways (1935), index; Benoit and Boismard, in: RB, 58 (1951), 200–50; S.J. Saller, Excavations at Bethany (1957). (Michael Avi-Yonah)

Encyclopedia Judaica. 1971.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Bethany — ist der Name folgender Orte: Bethany (South Australia), Australien Bethany (Kawartha Lakes), Ontario, Kanada Bethany (Lennox and Addington County), Ontario, Kanada USA: Bethany (Arkansas) Bethany (Connecticut) Bethany (Baker County), Georgia… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Bethany — Bethany, IL U.S. village in Illinois Population (2000): 1287 Housing Units (2000): 580 Land area (2000): 0.972384 sq. miles (2.518464 sq. km) Water area (2000): 0.003531 sq. miles (0.009146 sq. km) Total area (2000): 0.975915 sq. miles (2.527610… …   StarDict's U.S. Gazetteer Places

  • Bethany — • A village of Palestine Catholic Encyclopedia. Kevin Knight. 2006. Bethany     Bethany     † Cathol …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • Bethany — most commonly refers to the village of Bethany (Jerusalem).Other places* Bethabara, a site located on the Jordan River above the Dead Sea, which, according to the New Testament, was the site where Jesus of Nazareth came to John the BaptistUnited… …   Wikipedia

  • Bethany, IL — U.S. village in Illinois Population (2000): 1287 Housing Units (2000): 580 Land area (2000): 0.972384 sq. miles (2.518464 sq. km) Water area (2000): 0.003531 sq. miles (0.009146 sq. km) Total area (2000): 0.975915 sq. miles (2.527610 sq. km) FIPS …   StarDict's U.S. Gazetteer Places

  • Bethany, IN — U.S. town in Indiana Population (2000): 94 Housing Units (2000): 34 Land area (2000): 0.082921 sq. miles (0.214764 sq. km) Water area (2000): 0.010521 sq. miles (0.027249 sq. km) Total area (2000): 0.093442 sq. miles (0.242013 sq. km) FIPS code:… …   StarDict's U.S. Gazetteer Places

  • Bethany, MO — U.S. city in Missouri Population (2000): 3087 Housing Units (2000): 1506 Land area (2000): 4.433824 sq. miles (11.483551 sq. km) Water area (2000): 0.013665 sq. miles (0.035392 sq. km) Total area (2000): 4.447489 sq. miles (11.518943 sq. km) FIPS …   StarDict's U.S. Gazetteer Places

  • Bethany, OK — U.S. city in Oklahoma Population (2000): 20307 Housing Units (2000): 8874 Land area (2000): 5.211342 sq. miles (13.497313 sq. km) Water area (2000): 0.000000 sq. miles (0.000000 sq. km) Total area (2000): 5.211342 sq. miles (13.497313 sq. km)… …   StarDict's U.S. Gazetteer Places

  • Bethany, PA — U.S. borough in Pennsylvania Population (2000): 292 Housing Units (2000): 128 Land area (2000): 0.514849 sq. miles (1.333453 sq. km) Water area (2000): 0.000000 sq. miles (0.000000 sq. km) Total area (2000): 0.514849 sq. miles (1.333453 sq. km)… …   StarDict's U.S. Gazetteer Places

  • Bethany, WV — U.S. town in West Virginia Population (2000): 985 Housing Units (2000): 212 Land area (2000): 0.716698 sq. miles (1.856239 sq. km) Water area (2000): 0.000000 sq. miles (0.000000 sq. km) Total area (2000): 0.716698 sq. miles (1.856239 sq. km)… …   StarDict's U.S. Gazetteer Places


Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.